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Silver Investigation Update

By: Theodore Butler

-- Posted 22 September, 2009 | | Discuss This Article - Comments:

Yesterday, I received a number of emails from readers who had been communicating with Commissioner Bart Chilton of the Commodity Futures Trading Commission. Obviously, Commissioner Chilton intended this to be made public and I do so here. My comments will follow.


Statement of 

Commissioner Bart Chilton 

Regarding the

CFTC Investigation of Silver Markets

September 21, 2009


It has now been one year since the Commodity Futures Trading Commission initiated its investigation of the silver markets.  In that time, it has invested over 2,318 staff hours in this investigation, 32 individual interviews have been conducted, and approximately 40,000 documents have been reviewed.  We have worked with our colleague regulators in the United States and in other nations. In addition, the agency has taken the extra step of engaging an eminent outside expert to assist in its analytical review of this matter.  In sum, weíve put an incredible amount of energy and resources into this effort.  

While there are some who Iím sure wish these things could be accomplished faster, let me assure them that we are far from over in our aggressive investigation of this market.  Our Division of Enforcement is leaving no stone unturned to ensure that, if there is any illegal activity going in silver, we will find it and we will prosecute it to the fullest extent of our authority under the law. 

In the meantime, we have moved in a new direction with regard to assertive and uncompromising oversight of commodity markets in furtherance of the Agencyís mission to protect consumers and markets.  In that vein, we have recently completed three days of hearings regarding positions limits and hedge exemptions.  In those hearings, we heard from academics, exchanges, end users, commercials, and non-commercials.  After hearing their testimonies, it is clear that new authorities in this area, combined with legislative changes to enhance the agencyís oversight in the OTC arena, could significantly increase market transparency and our ability to protect against fraud, abuse and manipulative activity.  Accordingly, I am hopeful that, should new authorities be promulgated in these areas, that they would also extend to the metals markets as appropriate, and I will continue to work toward that objective. 


I would like to thank Commissioner Chilton for his statement. There is no doubt that he is the most accessible government official in memory. Virtually all of the readers who sent me the above, also sent along their private exchanges with him on his statement. Those exchanges were almost identical, namely, they all asked Commissioner Chilton one question. How in the world could such an aggressive investigation fail to include conversations with me, the obvious instigator of the investigation? Commissioner Chilton responded that the investigators would be contacting me soon, as he has stated in the past. (For those not aware of the exact sequence of events, the CFTC started its third silver investigation in 5 years, as a result of an article I wrote a year ago, ďThe Smoking GunĒ and subsequent articles )

Rather than dwell on that, and risk making myself the center of discussion, Iíd like to analyze the significance of Commissioner Chiltonís statement. When I first started reading it, I raced through it, looking for the words I have read in so many communications from the CFTC over the past two decades. Those words, of course, were always ďand we can find no credible evidence of a manipulation in the silver market.Ē Well guess what? For the first time ever, those words were missing. Instead, words to the effect, ďof investing an incredible amount of energy and resources, of leaving no stone unturned in our year-long aggressive investigation, and if we find anything illegal, we will prosecute, etc.Ē Thatís a far cry from what has been said in the past.

No one spends an incredible amount of energy and resources investigating any matter that is not credible. Thatís the key point. At the very least, Chiltonís statement indicates that the Commission takes my allegations seriously. Thatís because the allegations are well-founded. Iíve always used their own public data, so they canít claim it is bogus. Iíve always argued in accordance with their own principles and historical findings on concentration, manipulation and position limits. Iíve always relied on common sense and the intent of commodity law. How could they possibly argue with that?

Besides, I never even asked them to investigate silver for a third time in five years; that was their choice. All I asked was a very simple question, namely, how could one or two US banks be short 25% of the world production of silver (or any commodity) and that not constitute manipulation? In one full year, neither the CFTC nor anyone else has been able to come close to legitimately answer that question. Thatís because there is no legitimate answer. Faced with having to answer a question to which there is no legitimate answer, do the next best thing Ė investigate.

Iím going to resist attacking the CFTC on this matter. I want to take the high road. I know this is a major market problem with a solution that involves serious complications and repercussions. Thatís why Iíve persisted for 25 years. Certainly the Commission must tread carefully. But it still must confront this silver manipulation. Iím sincere when I say I am more interested in seeing this manipulation terminated than I am in extracting my pound of flesh for two decades of regulatory failure. Whatís most important now is for the Commission to recognize that this is very much a crime in progress. A little old lady is still being mugged on the street and the police have no higher priority than stopping the crime first and investigating later.

I think the intent of Commissioner Chiltonís statement may be different than first assumed. I donít think it was solely intended to provide an update to those who had been inquiring about the investigation. I think it was intended as a warning to the shorts. Intention aside, the message to the big shorts is that the Commission is taking allegations of a silver manipulation seriously. Thatís because the evidence is compelling. Taken together with the no-nonsense approach and pragmatism of the new chairman, Gary Gensler, the message is clear. Be short silver at your own risk.

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-- Posted 22 September, 2009 | | Discuss This Article - Comments:

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